Dynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen. Amun-Re vereinigt als altägyptischer „König der Götter“ die Eigenschaften des Re, Min und Amun. Damit ist er Sonnen-, Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott in der altägyptischen Religion. Der Gott der Sonne. Re, Ra oder Amun-Re ist der ägyptische Sonnengott, er galt als der wichtigster und höchste Gott, denn durch das Wirken seiner Kraft.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottAmun-Re. Die Hieroglyphen unter seinem Namen bedeuten “Herr des Himmels, König der Götter”. Obelisk der Hatschepsut im Tempel von Karnak, Neues Reich,. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Schau dir unsere Auswahl an amun ra an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops für kunst.
Amun-Re Navigationsmenü VideoPrecinct of Amun-Re temple is one of the temples of the Karnak Temple Complex in Luxor, Egypt
Mit diesem Schritt wurde eine weitere Verbindung zu Niuserre in der 5. Dynastie hergestellt, der das Sedfest zu seiner Zeit mit Sonnenaufgang des ersten Neumondtages im ersten Peret-Monat feierte.
Im Totentempel des Sethos I. Dieser Titel verweist auf die alte Schöpfergottheit Atum , die von Re in der 6. Dynastie als neues Oberhaupt der Neunheit in Heliopolis abgelöst wurde.
In griechisch-römischer Zeit kam im Zuge der Osiris-Mysterien der Choiak als Kikellia-Fest hinzu. Amun-Ra retained chief importance in the Egyptian pantheon throughout the New Kingdom with the exception of the " Atenist heresy " under Akhenaten.
Amun-Ra in this period 16th to 11th centuries BC held the position of transcendental , self-created  creator deity "par excellence"; he was the champion of the poor or troubled and central to personal piety.
With Osiris , Amun-Ra is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian gods. As the chief deity of the Egyptian Empire , Amun-Ra also came to be worshipped outside Egypt, according to the testimony of ancient Greek historiographers in Libya and Nubia.
As Zeus Ammon , he came to be identified with Zeus in Greece. Amun rose to the position of tutelary deity of Thebes after the end of the First Intermediate Period , under the 11th Dynasty.
As the patron of Thebes, his spouse was Mut. The city of Thebes does not appear to have been of great significance before the 11th Dynasty.
Major construction work in the Precinct of Amun-Re took place during the 18th Dynasty when Thebes became the capital of the unified ancient Egypt.
Merenptah commemorated his victories over the Sea Peoples on the walls of the Cachette Court , the start of the processional route to the Luxor Temple.
This Great Inscription which has now lost about a third of its content shows the king's campaigns and eventual return with items of potential value and prisoners.
Next to this inscription is the Victory Stela , which is largely a copy of the more famous Merneptah Stele found in the funerary complex of Merenptah on the west bank of the Nile in Thebes.
This was constructed of sandstone, with a chapel to Amun flanked by those of Mut and Khonsu. When the army of the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty expelled the Hyksos rulers from Egypt, the victor's city of origin, Thebes , became the most important city in Egypt, the capital of a new dynasty.
The local patron deity of Thebes, Amun, therefore became nationally important. The pharaohs of that new dynasty attributed all of their successes to Amun, and they lavished much of their wealth and captured spoil on the construction of temples dedicated to Amun.
The victory against the "foreign rulers" achieved by pharaohs who worshipped Amun caused him to be seen as a champion of the less fortunate , upholding the rights of justice for the poor.
Since he upheld Ma'at truth, justice, and goodness ,  those who prayed to Amun were required first to demonstrate that they were worthy, by confessing their sins.
Votive stelae from the artisans' village at Deir el-Medina record:. You are Amun, the Lord of the silent, who comes at the voice of the poor; when I call to you in my distress You come and rescue me Though the servant was disposed to do evil, the Lord is disposed to forgive.
The Lord of Thebes spends not a whole day in anger; His wrath passes in a moment; none remains. His breath comes back to us in mercy Subsequently, when Egypt conquered Kush , they identified the chief deity of the Kushites as Amun.
This Kush deity was depicted as ram -headed, more specifically a woolly ram with curved horns. Amun thus became associated with the ram arising from the aged appearance of the Kush ram deity, and depictions related to Amun sometimes had small ram's horns, known as the Horns of Ammon.
A solar deity in the form of a ram can be traced to the pre-literate Kerma culture in Nubia, contemporary to the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
The later Meroitic period name of Nubian Amun was Amani , attested in numerous personal names such as Tanwetamani , Arkamani , and Amanitore. Since rams were considered a symbol of virility, Amun also became thought of as a fertility deity, and so started to absorb the identity of Min , becoming Amun-Min.
This association with virility led to Amun-Min gaining the epithet Kamutef , meaning "Bull of his mother",  in which form he was found depicted on the walls of Karnak , ithyphallic , and with a scourge , as Min was.
As the cult of Amun grew in importance, Amun became identified with the chief deity who was worshipped in other areas during that period, namely the sun god Ra.
This identification led to another merger of identities, with Amun becoming Amun-Ra. In the Hymn to Amun-Ra he is described as. Lord of truth, father of the gods, maker of men, creator of all animals, Lord of things that are, creator of the staff of life.
During the latter part of the eighteenth dynasty , the pharaoh Akhenaten also known as Amenhotep IV disliked the power of the temple of Amun and advanced the worship of the Aten , a deity whose power was manifested in the sun disk, both literally and symbolically.
He defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten. He moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power.
The religion of Egypt was inexorably tied to the leadership of the country, the pharaoh being the leader of both. The pharaoh was the highest priest in the temple of the capital, and the next lower level of religious leaders were important advisers to the pharaoh, many being administrators of the bureaucracy that ran the country.
During the Eighteenth Dynasty, he assimilated with Ra and grew in importance. Many of the Eighteenth Dynasty kings commissioned frescos showing Amun-Ra fathering them.
This was also the way rulers whose legitimacy was in doubt proved their right to rule. When Hatshepsut began ruling for her stepson, she commissioned murals showing Amun-Ra fathering her.
She used these murals to legitimize her kingship and remain pharaoh until her death. Soon, the cult rivaled the pharaoh in power and prestige.
The north side of the hall is decorated in raised relief, and was Seti I 's work. He began to decorate the southern side of the hall shortly before he died but this section was largely completed by his son, Ramesses II.
Ramesses decoration was at first in raised relief, but he quickly changed to sunk relief and then converted his raised relief decoration in the southern part of the hall, along with the few reliefs of Seti there, to sunk relief.
He left Seti I's reliefs in the north wing as raised relief. Ramesses also changed Seti's names to his own along the main east—west axis of the Hall and along the northern part of the north—south processional route while respecting most of his father's reliefs elsewhere in the hall.
These scenes may not show actual combat, but could have a ritual purpose as well. Adjoining the southern wall of Ramesses II is another wall that contains the text of the peace treaty he signed with the Hittites in the year 21 of his reign.
In building the Third Pylon, Amenhotep dismantled a number of older monuments,  including a small gateway he himself built earlier in the reign.
He deposited hundreds of blocks from these monuments inside the pylon towers as fill. These were recovered by Egyptologists in the early 20th century and led to the reconstruction of several lost monuments, including the White Chapel of Senusret I and the red chapel of Queen Hatshepsut, which are now in the open-air museum at Karnak.
At the time of its construction, Amenhotep III had the Third Pylon gilded and covered with precious stones, as he relates on a stela now in the Cairo museum: .
The king made a monument for Amun, making for him a very great gateway before Amun-Re lord of the thrones of the two lands, sheathed entirely in gold, a divine image according to respect, filled with turquoise [one-half ton], sheathed in gold and numerous stones [two-thirds ton of jasper].
The like had never been made Its pavement was made of pure silver, its front portal inset with stelae of lapis lazuli, one on each side. Its twin towers approach heaven, like the four supports of the sky.
Its flagpoles shine skyward sheathed in electrum. The reliefs on the pylon were later restored by Tutankhamen who also inserted images of himself.
These were, in turn, later erased by Horemheb. The erased images of Tutankhamen were long thought to be of Akhenaten himself, supposedly evidence of a coregency between Akhenaten and Amenhotep III, though most scholars now reject this.
In a narrow court, there are several obelisks , one which dates from Thutmose I , and is Just beyond this is the remaining obelisk of Hatshepsut , nearly 30 m in height.
Later kings blocked out the view of this from ground level, and constructed walls around it. Its companion lies, broken, by the sacred lake.
The pylon also includes some images of the god Amun which were restored by Tutankhamen after they were vandalized by Akhenaten.
These images were later recarved by Horemheb who also usurped Tutankhamun's restoration inscriptions.
The sanctuary was built in the time of Philip Arrhidaeus , on the site of the earlier sanctuary built by Thutmose III.In areas outside Egypt where the Egyptians had previously brought the cult of Amun G Star Crown Casino worship continued into classical antiquity. As the patron of Thebes, Amun-Re spouse was Mut. In der frühen Dedi Djadjaemankh Rededjet Ubaoner. The University of Memphis. Inscriptions inside the temple show the king slaughtering 7th Heaven Online, whilst Amun-Re looks on. Von da an war Amun Stickman Spiel zum Reichsgott geworden. Wikimedia Commons. The Lord of Thebes does not spend an entire day Jag Spiele. Main article: Theban High Priests of Amun. Amun-Re, likewise with the Hebrew creator deity, did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism were other Gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris Amun-Re is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian Gods. Amun-Re vereinigt als altägyptischer „König der Götter“ die Eigenschaften des Re, Min und Amun. Damit ist er Sonnen-, Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott in der altägyptischen Religion. Amun-Re – Wikipedia. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Amun-Re. Die Hieroglyphen unter seinem Namen bedeuten “Herr des Himmels, König der Götter”. Obelisk der Hatschepsut im Tempel von Karnak, Neues Reich,.